Passover past Present Future






Leviticus 23:


4, These are the feasts of the LORD, even holy convocations, which ye shall proclaim in their seasons.


    5, In the fourteenth day of the first month at even is the LORD'S Passover.


    6, And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of unleavened bread unto the LORD: seven days ye must eat unleavened bread.


Exodus 12:


1, And the LORD spake unto Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying,


    2, This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you.


    3, Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel, saying, In the tenth day of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to the house of their fathers, a lamb for an house:1


    4, And if the household be too little for the lamb, let him and his neighbour next unto his house take it according to the number of the souls; every man according to his eating shall make your count for the lamb.


    5, Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year: ye shall take it out from the sheep, or from the goats:




    6, And ye shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of the same month: and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening.3


    7, And they shall take of the blood, and strike it on the two side posts and on the upper door post of the houses, wherein they shall eat it.


    8, And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; and with bitter herbs they shall eat it.


    9, Eat not of it raw, nor sodden at all with water, but roast with fire; his head with his legs, and with the purtenance thereof.


10, And ye shall let nothing of it remain until the morning; and that which remaineth of it until the morning ye shall burn with fire.


    11, And thus shall ye eat it; with your loins girded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and ye shall eat it in haste: it is the LORD'S Passover.




14, And this day shall be unto you for a memorial; and ye shall keep it a feast to the LORD throughout your generations; ye shall keep it a feast by an ordinance for ever.




If we think about any significant event in our lives chances are there was a meal involved. Especially if you are Baptist we can look for any excuse to eat.




In the bible, breaking bread together was considered a bond of loyalty between two or more people.  It was considered to be unthinkable in Bible times to eat at a man’s table and then do anything or say anything to his hurt.


Looking At this we can understand King David’s shock when he wrote.


Psalm 41:


9, Yea, mine own familiar friend, in whom I trusted, which did eat of my bread, hath lifted up his heel against me.




 When Judas sat down and broke bread with Jesus and then sold Him for thirty pieces of silver he became the ultimate traitor in history.




In Christ day


Jerusalem was a crowed city during Passover the population of one hundred thousand would be doubled by pilgrims who came to visit the temple during Passover.


The morning before Passover thousands of priest and levites from all over Judea gathered in the temple. By midday everyone had ceased from their work.  Thousands of Jews began to stream through the city each head of household leading a lamb to be sacrificed.


By three o’clock the priests had assembled in the temple to begin sacrificing the Passover lambs.


When the outer courtyard had filled the temple guards would close the gates temporarily. The Levites would blow their three blasts upon the Shofar and the sacrifices would begin.


The head of each household slew the animals he had kept tied beside his house for four days.


Behind him stand priests in rows some with silver bowls to catch the blood other singing psalms of praises.


Due to the huge crowds the gates would be open and closed three times.


Every family would have its chance to offer its sacrifice. The ceremony and ritual were dignified and reverent and as each family left the father would carry the slaughtered lamb over his shoulder all were full of expectation of this holy night of redemption.


That afternoon the smell of roasting lamb drifted over the city, homes grew noisy as guest began to appear and all were made welcome.




When all was done the head of the family sat at the head of the table and the observance of Passover began.


First a glass of wine was taken then the right hand was washed while everyone partook of lettuce dipped in a tart liquid. Then the lamb was served and eaten with unleavened bread and bitter herbs dipped in charoset a mixture of ground nuts and fruit soaked in wine.


After this the second part of Passover would begin with the reciting fo the story of Passover and the discussion of the rituals that accompany the feast. The eldest son of the house hold would ask why is this night different from any other, and the father would answer with scripture telling of the Hebrews miraculous deliverance from Egypt.then he would begin to sing the Hallel Psalm 115-18 the feast would conclude with a prayer for redemption.




Psalms 115:


Heathen Idols Contrasted with the LORD


Psalms 116:


Thanksgiving for Deliverance from Death


Psalms 117:


A Psalm of Praise


Psalms 118:


Thanksgiving for the LORDS Saving Goodness




The fourteenth day of Abib   A.D. 33


 The Levites have just open the door of the temple so that he crowds can enter in to sacrifice their lambs. At the exact moment that each head of household take a knife and prepares to slaughter the lamb that must be sacrificed for his family, Jesus is hanging on a cross outside the city, deserted by all but a few followers and His roman executioners.


The sky darkens and the crowd inside the temple grows silent and pensive. While the court yard runs red with the blood of lambs and goats the Lamb of God spills His blood outside the city. While the father of each household, slaughters a lamb for the sake of his family. God the Father slaughters His Holy Lamb for the sake of all who would accept Christ’s gift of forgiveness and eternal life.


What a wondrous Love! What Amazing Grace!


Never forget your redemption was purchase by the precious blood of the Lamb of God.


Passover made Personal


You and I were once slaves to Satan and sin we lived ion the chains of bondage and fear. When Christ surrendered Himself to become our Passover Lamb, He ended the reign of death in our lives. The moment that the Lamb of God shouted from the cross it is finished at that moment we were liberated from death, hell, and the grave. We have been freed from the past and the fear of tomorrow Satan is forever a defeated foe. Therefore who the Son sets free is free indeed John 8 36